Category Archives: History

50th Anniversary of Apollo 8 – NASA & Creationism

© Original content written by James R. Carlson

Lunar Earthrise Apollo 8

Earth as seen from the Apollo 8 spacecraft on 24 December 1968.

(This is how the astronauts actually saw it!)

Did you know that 50 years ago on Christmas Eve the Apollo 8 crew read from the Book of Genesis, chapter 1? They were orbiting the moon in 1968 and took photos of the earth as they cleared the horizon of the moon’s dark side. They not only read scripture verses from the Bible, they also gave a prayer for peace on earth.

Madalyn M. O’hair sued NASA and lost. There is nothing in the constitution to prevent people in space from sharing passages of the Bible or Praying publicly. A creation story, told not as myth, was presented from people who accept God as Creator. Clearly, the foundation of creationist views of the world were accepted as true and presented from NASA personnel.

Everyone knows that NASA has virtually accepted the creation story of evolution. Creationists and Creationism are under attack at NASA and academia. People who speak publicly about their biblical beliefs and the lack of science behind evolution are targeted for dismissal. This has occurred many times in the past and it is a sad commentary about people who claim to pursue all avenues of exploration in science and space.

The fact that in 1968, NASA astronauts prayed in orbit around the moon, read Bible verses, and later upon landing on the moon a year later had Holy Communion, is a fact that the record of history has established. Again, it is sad that people who believe in evolution claim their religious freedom while they deny the religious freedoms others have. In other words, religious and political atheists who seek to secularize American society and government do not have priority over those they disagree with or those that disagree with them. The separation of church and state means everyone is free to have their views without government compulsion or penalty. To establish one set of religious views as the only acceptable science (aka, evolution) over other views is a violation of the No Establishment clause of the U.S. First Amendment.

Most Americans believe in God and trust in His Divine leadership throughout their lives. The Apollo 8 astronauts were no exception. Using a KJV Bible provided by the Gideons, the 3 NASA astronauts orbiting the moon on Christmas Eve 50 years ago, read from Genesis 1:1-10. Let’s read what they had to say 50 years ago and pray with them their prayer for peace on the good earth.

William Anders

(He took the photo above and noted its orientation)

We are now approaching lunar sunrise, and for all the people back on Earth, the crew of Apollo 8 has a message that we would like to send to you.

1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

1:3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

 James Lovell

1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

1:6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

 Frank Borman

1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

1:10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

And from the crew of Apollo 8, we close with good night, good luck, a Merry Christmas – and God bless all of you, all of you on the good Earth.

Frank Borman also prayed the following prayer on the Apollo 8 mission. Again, let’s add our Amen!

Give us, O God, the vision which can see thy love in the world in spite of human failure. Give us the faith to trust thy goodness in spite of our ignorance and weakness. Give us the knowledge that we may continue to pray with understanding hearts, and show us what each one of us can do to set forth the coming of the day of universal peace. Amen.

Happy Anniversary Apollo 8. And Merry Christmas America. Jesus still loves us and we celebrate His birthday on Christmas Day. Happy birthday to the Prince of Peace.

Solved – 400-Year-Old Mystery

© Original content written by James R. Carlson


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Most people in the Christian Church are familiar with the question, “Can you lose your salvation?” The answer requires research into the history of Christian theology that goes back 400 years. From 13 November 1618 – 9 May 1619, a meeting was held in Holland over theological issues that continue to affect us today. The questions raised then are the source of a heated debate today. While many argue a simple binary of Yes or No, the truth is found in a theological doctrine called, Sanctification by Grace.

Your Sanctification is your Preservation. Many people are familiar with the ideas of “Let go and let God”; “Trust and obey for there is no other way to be happy in Jesus than to trust and obey.” Sanctification by Grace, also called Sanctification by the Spirit (Holy Spirit), means we grow in the goodness and grace of God. This process of maturing in Christ means we surrender our righteousness, submit to the righteousness of God, and follow the leadership of the Spirit in our day to day life. This process of Sanctification, means we are maturing in God’s righteousness. And it is this life lived by faith in Christ that is preserved by God, not ourselves.

Problems arise when we seek to establish ourselves in our own goodness. We witness the failure of our efforts and the depravity of our human nature, which is sin. Surrendering to God’s goodness requires an act of faith in Christ where we abandon our own goodness and surrender to God’ goodness. Many of us in our Christian lives understand that we are led to the end of our own ability to do good things, so that we may be raised by the Spirit of God into His goodness to do good things. This cycle of life-death-new life is a process that comes easy to some and hard to others. When it gets hard, people suffer needlessly.

Some people fight with everything they have to be good and get better in their own ability. They never realize that they have to surrender their goodness to God’s ability. It is like hanging on to the end of a rope for dear life when the ground is only inches below our feet; just let go and trust that God will be there to catch you. We need to trust God, in His goodness, that he will help us live a life apart from sin, not by our strength but by His. When we are weak, He is strong. When we refuse to die the death to self, we linger in our own weakness and fail to receive God’s grace to grow in His goodness. Such is the problem of scrupulosity – the fear of losing one’s salvation because our lives still have sin in them.

I wrote a book called Scrupulosity showing my own personal journey to surrender. I also present a journey to the answer that provides a theological solution to scrupulosity. Sanctification by the Spirit is the answer to this 400-year-old problem. All one needs to do is trust God for their growth in Christ. Allow God to bring you to the end of your self and learn to lean on God’s goodness and grace for your Christian growth and preservation. Truly God loves you. If Jesus died to pay for your sins, he’s still dying to bring you into a life of fellowship with Him by the leadership of His Holy Spirit. Lean on God; He won’t let you down.

Please pray:

God, I have trusted Jesus for my salvation. Now I want to trust in Him for my sanctification. I know you are working in my life by the leadership of your Holy Spirit. I surrender my life to your leadership. I surrender my goodness to follow yours. I thank you for your love and I know that I can trust you each and every day. You are a good God. And I thank you that you are a loving Father. I surrender my all to you. In Jesus name I pray. Amen.

Two Texans in Two World Wars

© Original content written by James R. Carlson

Texans in WWs

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Recently, I have been focused on finishing a book about two Texans whom I admire deeply. Two years of research has finally produced the story of two Texans (my dad and his uncle) as they served our country during two world wars. Their story is a family history, a history that is yours as well. The American family has a heritage that we all share. And walking in their footsteps helps us relive the past and prepare for the future.

John Emil Carlson and John Benton Carlson both grew up in the Swedish community in Central Texas where they learned the love of God and Country through their family and Church. They both grew up on a farm and learned the value of hard work; and when their country called upon them, they both served their country with honor.

The story of WWI was one of average Americans called to serve their country in a time of crisis. Like thousands of others, John E. Carlson answered the call of duty and fought overseas. His journey with the 90th Infantry Division on the Western Front in France as a light machine gunner shows the courage of the men who fought on the front lines. They won the war and afterwards, with the Occupation of Germany, they also won the peace.

The story of WWII is in part a continuation of the first world war. The second world war was begun by a German corporal who lost his fight in WWI. After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, America went to war again. In WWII John B Carlson answered the call of duty, like his uncle before him, and prepared to fight in the Invasion of Japan. However, two nuclear bombs ended the war and Carlson served in the Occupation of Japan instead.

This is their story.

The New Year in View – 2017

© Original content written by James R. Carlson


At this time of year, when the media looks back to review the events that dominated the news, I want to look forward at the new year and view a few anniversaries that are ahead.

1962 – 1975        50th Anniversary of the Vietnam War

1917 – 2017        100th Anniversary of WWI

1917 – 2017        100th Anniversary of the Russian Revolution

1517 – 2017        500th Anniversary of the Reformation

The upcoming year will witness the continued commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War that began in 1962 and ended in 1975. The commemoration began on Memorial Day 2012, this will continue for a 13-year period until November 11, 2025. We salute the American patriots who served in this conflict and were as loyal to our country as anyone before them.


However, these service men and women were scorned by the liberal political and academic communities 50 years ago and are still scorned today. When the Vietnam Veterans returned to the U.S. they were spit upon by the liberals and lampooned as baby killers. Many of these spiting liberals became pro-choice supporters of abortion that has killed more than 50 million babies in America alone. They are the real baby killers.

I have met many Vietnam Veterans since I was in school. I met and talked with many of my heroes who served their country, in country overseas. They told me many stories about their service under combat and afterwards. I know that they faced a relentless enemy abroad and then again at home. They were not only fighting an enemy at arms, they were fighting the larger enemy of global communism. Many liberal politicians undermined their efforts to win the war and it is only because of them that they lost.

When we have a new President in less than a month, I recommend a tradition honoring our Vietnam Veterans begins. An annual salute to these veterans on the White House lawn would help begin to heal the wounds of a generation of warfighters who never received their proper honor for a job well done. Let’s invite all who served their country during the War join the President on the White House lawn.

50 years before the Vietnam War, the U.S. was called into the European conflict called the First World War (WWI). A century is too much for most of us to remember back to but next year will the 100th anniversary of the WWI that began for America in 1917. My great uncle was drafted to serve in that conflict.


John Emil Carlson

He served with many veterans on the Western Front through many campaigns. Finally, the 100-day offensive broke the back of the Germans who surrendered on 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. My uncle served then and also served in the occupation of Germany thereafter.

Sadly, the Allies put too much of a burden on the defeated German people with the Armistice. It took another world war and occupation before the German nation could rebuild on a solid foundation of freedom instead of oppression. Learning the lessons of nation building, a defeated nation needs to experience the blessings of liberty and justice if they are to proper in new generations.

The Russian Revolution of 1917 began (March 8, 1917) just before the U.S. went to war in Europe (April 6, 1917). Russia’s attempt to take over Czarist Russia 100 years ago led to an attempt of world domination by Communism as well.


Russia and the Soviet Union suffered under totalitarian domination for 70 years; the communist regime of Russia finally ended in the Reagan/Bush era. It was communism that led to the Vietnam War and so many other wars. The Russian occupation of East Germany gives us a picture of how little value there was to communism compared to the capitalist structure within West Germany. The twin occupation of the German nation after WWII showed that communism was not advantageous to the people of Germany whereas capitalism was.

Communism is an atheist vision of government that didn’t care how many people died in wars to establish it worldwide. As an atheist vision of society and government, communism killed more people (94 million) than all the religious wars put together (16 – 31 million). The killing of millions around the world was nothing more than international terrorism.

Under communist rule, religious freedom was removed to prevent the people from realizing true peace with God and Christ. Today, Russia’s renewed oppression of religious freedom, outlawing the promotion of the Gospel outside Christian Churches, represents a new wave of communist style terrorism. Religious freedom is an essential freedom for any people in any country, along with the freedom of economics and political association. The people of Russia need to guard against the slow erosion of their freedoms and demand a return of religious freedom.

Religious freedom was on the mind of one reformer 500 years ago. Martin Luther began the European Reformation on October 31, 1517, as an attempt to return the Church to the authority of the Word of God. Luther nailed 95 theses to the Wittenberg Church door of Germany that refuted many traditions of the Church that were not supported by the Word of God in the Bible.


Translating the Bible into the native language of the German people, Luther attempted to bring God’s Word to the average person. This, however, was perceived as an act of aggression against the Roman authorities where were more interested in religious and political power than the spiritual well-being of the people.

The Reformed Church is now 500 years old and in need of a new reformation. Traditional Churches need to review their traditions and focus once again on a Bible centered Gospel message. While there is nothing wrong with tradition, let’s celebrate the Word of God and put God’s Word first. With so many traditional Churches following liberal theology, its time a new reformation took back these Churches to teach and preach the pure Gospel of Jesus Christ. This will lead to renewed liberty for all people.

From one generation to another there has always been some conflict for war or for peace. America has seen its fair share of war since the Independence of our nation. Freedom has always been the call of this nation and we seek to share the blessings of liberty and justice with others around the world.

Next year will open new doors of opportunity for Americans to recall the burdens of war we have endured. Our prayer should be that God will open new doors of liberty and peace for all people around the world. A liberty established by law & justice and a peace established by religious freedom.

Terrorism – The Nazi Connection

© Original content written by James R. Carlson


The history of the Muslim Brotherhood, the PLO, and the Iranian Islamic Republic intersects with the Nazi mission of killing the Jews. The Nazis not only killed Jews in their concentration camps, they were dedicated to killing Jews worldwide, and they opposed any effort to establish the State of Israel. The murder and hatred of Jews is a signature of modern Islamic terrorism that has roots in the Nazi past. Exploring the past connections with Nazism will bring this clarity to this reality.

Amin al-Husayni, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, and a founding member of the Muslim Brotherhood, met with Adolf Hitler agreeing to bring the Jewish solution to the Middle East. A draft declaration of German-Arab cooperation, included:

Germany and Italy recognize the right of the Arab countries to solve the question of the Jewish elements, which exist in Palestine and in the other Arab countries, as required by the national and ethnic interests of the Arabs, and as the Jewish question was solved in Germany and Italy.

The grand mufti was interested in establishing a Muslim connection with Nazi Germany and made many proposals to the Axis powers of Germany and Italy. Christopher Browning summarized the response of Hitler to the mufti’s requests.

Germany has resolved, step by step, to ask one European nation after the other to solve its Jewish problem, and at the proper time, direct a similar appeal to non-European nations as well’. When Germany had defeated Russia and broken through the Caucasus into the Middle East, it would have no further imperial goals of its own and would support Arab liberation… But Hitler did have one goal. “Germany’s objective would then be solely the destruction of the Jewish element residing in the Arab sphere under the protection of British power”. (Das deutsche Ziel würde dann lediglich die Vernichtung des im arabischen Raum unter der Protektion der britischen Macht lebenden Judentums sein). In short, Jews were not simply to be driven out of the German sphere but would be hunted down and destroyed even beyond it.

The work of the grand mufti and Hitler led to the Islamic Central Institute in Berlin. This institute worked to translate Hitler’s Mein Kampf into Persian (Iran) and to reach out to Arabs and Muslims in general. The mufti even worked to bring Iranian oil to Germany to aid their war effort. The mufti lived in Iran for a time and even founded a Muslim SS group to fight on behalf of the German cause. Not only were they dedicated to killing Jews as a part of the final solution, they were opposed to a Jewish National State in Palestine, which we call Israel today.

One Muslim influenced by the Nazi-Muslim outreach was the Ayatollah. His work to establish an Islamic Iranian Republic was based upon his opposition to the allied placement of the Shah of Iran. Khomeini saw this secular Shah as a threat to the Muslim culture of Iran. Khomeini also had a hatred of the Jews that came from both his Muslim background and the Nazi propaganda he digested. Although exiled by the Shah, Khomeini led the revolution in 1979 that created the modern Islamic state of Iran and is the largest state exporter of terrorism worldwide.

The grand mufti was also a founding member of the Muslim Brotherhood who sponsored both Al Qaeda from which we get the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (or the Levant; ISIS/ISIL). The Muslim Brotherhood was also influenced by the Nazis and their work against the Jews during WWII. The foundation of modern Islamic Terrorism was established largely upon the Nazis goal of killing the Jews and opposing the creation of their own Jewish nation.

The grand mufti had a nephew who was also a terrorist. Yasser Arafat, the former head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), was the grand-nephew of the grand mufti. The PLO was dedicated to the elimination of a Jewish national state and actively killed Jews whenever and wherever possible. The PLO has sponsored terrorism worldwide and has its roots in the Muslim Brotherhood and the Nazi propaganda of the past.

The Iranian terrorist group Hezbollah, was founded in 1982. Its leaders were followers of the Ayatollah Khomeini and fought the Israeli army who was fighting the PLO in southern Lebanon. Following the withdrawal of the Israeli forces, Hezbollah began to dominate Lebanon and as a terrorist group has recently expanded into Syria.

Modern Islamic Terrorism has its roots in the ideology of the Nazism. The PLO, Al Queda, and ISIS/ISIL have their roots in the Muslim Brotherhood. The Muslim Brotherhood and Hezbollah all have their roots in the Nazi holocaust against the Jews. The ideology of Islam pairs with the ideology of the Nazis in their combined hatred and murder of the Jews. It is little wonder that they continue to fight Israel and the Jews today.

It is also little wonder, 15 years after the 911 attacks on America by Islamic Terrorism, that as America supports Israel and Jews in general we were attacked. America’s past support of the Balfour initiative to establish a Jewish Nation for the Jewish people in their ancient homeland is coupled with our continued support of the land of Israel today. The target is on our back and will continue as America will not end its support of Israel. Neither will the initiative of Islamic Terrorism end as it has its foundation in Nazi ideology.

Prayer for a Nation – George Washington

© Original content written by James R. Carlson

Washington Praying

The famous image of George Washington praying at Valley Forge has long been established as fact, although some dismiss it. The first person witness of the event by Isaac Potts, a Quaker who was originally a Tory changed to become a Whig in support of the Revolution after witnessing the commanding general in prayer. This prayer by Washington was not just a matter of personal faith, it was a prayer on the behalf of a nation that was yet to be born.

The location of Valley Forge was 20 miles northwest of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was close to the city that was being occupied by the British but in a place that could prevent further raids into the Pennsylvania countryside. The valley itself was on the Valley Creek in Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania. The Potts family owned a forge in this area, hence the name Valley Forge.

Washington and his army moved into Valley Forge on 19 December 1777. They wintered through the next year and suffered many losses due to starvation, disease, and the bitter cold. It was in this setting that George Washington was witnessed praying on behalf of the nation.

Isaac Potts was in charge of the family grist mill in this same valley. One day while riding through the family property, a wooded area, he heard someone praying. He dismounted and walked to discover who this might be. And to his surprise he found the commanding general, George Washington praying. Mr. Potts relayed the story to the Rev. Nathaniel Randolph Snowden, an ordained Presbyterian minister, who recorded it in his diary.

“I knew personally the celebrated Quaker Potts who saw Gen’l Washington alone in the woods at prayer. I got it from himself, myself. Weems mentioned it in his history of Washington, but I got it from the man myself, as follows:

“I was riding with him (Mr. Potts) in Montgomery County, Penn’a near to the Valley Forge, where the army lay during the war of ye Revolution. Mr. Potts was a Senator in our State & a Whig. I told him I was agreeably surprised to find him a friend to his country as the Quakers were mostly Tories. He said, ‘It was so and I was a rank Tory once, for I never believed that America c’d proceed against Great Britain whose fleets and armies covered the land and ocean, but something very extraordinary converted me to the Good Faith!” “What was that,” I inquired? ‘Do you see that woods, & that plain. It was about a quarter of a mile off from the place we were riding, as it happened.’ ‘There,’ said he, ‘laid the army of Washington. It was a most distressing time of ye war, and all were for giving up the Ship but that great and good man. In that woods pointing to a close in view, I heard a plaintive sound as, of a man at prayer. I tied my horse to a sapling & went quietly into the woods & to my astonishment I saw the great George Washington on his knees alone, with his sword on one side and his cocked hat on the other. He was at Prayer to the God of the Armies, beseeching to interpose with his Divine aid, as it was ye Crisis, & the cause of the country, of humanity & of the world.

‘Such a prayer I never heard from the lips of man. I left him alone praying.

‘I went home & told my wife. I saw a sight and heard today what I never saw or heard before, and just related to her what I had seen & heard & observed. We never thought a man c’d be a soldier & a Christian, but if there is one in the world, it is Washington. She also was astonished. We thought it was the cause of God, & America could prevail.’ “He then to me put out his right hand & said ‘I turned right about and became a Whig.'”

The conversion of Mr. Potts political views was a result of his witness of General Washington’s prayer. Potts and his family were Quakers, opposed to war and violence. Yet Isaac Potts was swayed so much by this event that he believed it was time to support American Independence.

The prayer at Valley Forge was not just a symbol of a Christian General in prayer, it is the witness of the foundation of a nation that would be born with Independence. The United States of America was forged in prayer with a firm reliance upon Divine Providence. That Providence was not taken for granted; it was entreated in prayer on more than one occasion. (see further examples of Washington’s prayers at Washington’s prayer at Valley Forge is a testament to the Divine establishment of the American nation.

Post the 10 Commandments in Public School Classrooms

© Original content written by James R. Carlson


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The idea behind the separation of church and state is very old. In the mid-1600s, Roger Williams said that the church was supposed to be separated unto God and the state to the People. He said that the 10 Commandments that Moses gave us, and that all major religions respect, was the foundation of the principle we call the separation of church and state. This historic truth needs to be taught in our public school classrooms for the benefit of the next generation.

The first tablet of the 10 Commandments (Commandments # 1-4) represents man’s duty to God and the second tablet (Commandments # 5-10) represents man’s duty to man or the People. The separation of church and state meant that the state or government was based upon the second tablet not the first.

A religious state is based upon both the first and second tablet. A secular state is based upon neither the first or second tablet. A civil state is based only upon the second tablet and not the first. That means that you have every right to be wrong academically, philosophically, religiously, theologically, but you don’t have a right to do what is wrong. Thomas Jefferson said this in his letter to the Danbury Baptist Association:

Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between Man & his God, that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship, that the legitimate powers of government reach actions only, & not opinions…

Jefferson borrowed the idea of the separation of tablets that explains the idea of the separation of church and state from Roger Williams. Jefferson continued:

… I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should “make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,” thus building a wall of separation between Church & State.

Jefferson connected the dots between the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution’s bill for religious freedom with the idea of the separation of church and state, basing the idea of separation upon the idea of the separation of the tablets of the 10 Commandments.

The U.S. Judiciary has concluded that the letter that Thomas Jefferson wrote to the Baptists at Danbury Connecticut was the foundation for the principle of separation between church and state and the U.S. First Amendment’s religious clauses. As such, we can know that civil law must be based upon moral principles (second tablet), which reach the actions of people. The separation of church and state not only mandates that law be based upon morality (principles noted by the second tablet) but that there is no right to do what is morally wrong. I wonder if the courts will follow perspective this given their penchant for following the atheist blogosphere and their revision of the old Christian idea of separation between church and state.

The 10 Commandments represents the foundation for our most important freedoms in America. Not only is it the foundation for the separation of church and state, it is the foundation for our civil and religious freedoms. The 10 Commandments should be put onto public school classroom walls. Although the state may object due its perspective of secularism that came from the atheist blogosphere (a violation of the no establishment clause), putting the 10 Commandments on public school walls represents another separation between church and state where the state cannot deny the principles that are at its foundation. Putting the 10 Commandments onto public school classroom walls actually creates a wall of separation between church and state.

Lawyers, like Kelly Shackelford from the Liberty Institute, have advised that putting the 10 Commandments onto public school classroom walls can be done within the current context of court precedents if the 10 Commandments are put into a mosaic with other historic documents to present an historic truth. To that end, I’ve put together a poster that you can download, along with a booklet that explains the details of the poster, that you can put onto your public school’s classroom walls.

Religious Freedom Poster

Religious Freedom Booklet

Please understand what may already be obvious. If you do this, some religious atheist with a religious political agenda of secularism will find cause to sue you in the court system and the court may agree with them in violation of the no establishment clause of the U.S. First Amendment. Atheists have been doing this and getting away with this for decades with the courts helping them. You must count the cost for this even though it is perfectly legal.

We live in a society that is in the middle of a culture war. We see the moral imagination of our nation becoming more perverted day by day. The courts have even objected to the posting of the 10 Commandments by themselves onto public school classroom walls because it might cause children to read them, ponder them, and act on them. For those who choose to take a stand by posting the 10 Commandments onto public school classroom walls, either by itself or in a mosaic with other documents, they are standing on a firm foundation that will help build a foundation for the education of the next generation.

The Kennedy Assassination – Acoustic Report

© Original content written by James R. Carlson

Due to recent accusations of Ted Cruz’s father being an associate of Lee Oswald, I decided to publish this article. The final chapter has not been written on this story but it has nothing to do with the Cruz family.

kennedy 1

Overhead View of Dealey Plaza

On November 22, 1963, President Kennedy was killed by a lone gunman, Lee H. Oswald. Conspiracy theories have multiplied but have been debunked over time. However, not all the information is in about the assassination of our late President. There is no solid explanation of the supposed gunman at the top of the grassy knoll, until now. An acoustic report may explain this missing piece of information.

The best method to discover facts about the Kennedy assassination is the empirical method of forensic science. Speculation abounds with everyone presenting their best guess. But science has something to say that will give positive information about what happened that day in 1963. That science is acoustics.

When sound travels it goes through the air causing the air molecules to compress. Behind the compression is a rarefied space. Compression and rarefication helps define the action of acoustic energy upon the air around us. The compression waves that reach our ears are sensed in the form of sound. And there are many sources of sounds we hear on a daily basis.

During the assassination of Mr. Kennedy, the sound heard in Dealey Plaza was the report (shock wave) of the rifle used to kill the President. This report came in the form of shock waves out of the rifle from the breach and the barrel of the rifle. The acoustic energy that came from Oswald’s gun spread out in Dealey Plaza and entered the area of the grassy knoll.

Acoustic energy behaves according to scientific principles and does not merely spread out and dissipate. If that energy strikes and object, the sound wave will reflect. The way in which sound reflects is determined by many things: the shape of the object it hits, the material composition of the object, and the strength of the sound wave that hits that object. These are critical factors in determining the behavior of the acoustic report that entered into the grassy knoll.

At the top of the grassy knoll is what is called a pergola; this is a covered structure that can serve to hand plants or create a colorful walkway. Also to the side of the grassy knoll was a fence. These are two objects that the acoustic energy would have struck on the day President Kennedy was assassinated.

kennedy 2

The Pergola’s at the Top of the Grassy Knoll

The shape of the pergola was in the form of a parabola. The geometry of a parabola has a focus and any structure shaped in this form will reflect acoustic energy through that focus. The shape of the fence was flat and any acoustic energy that impacted the fence would have been reflected by an angle similar to it’s arrive at the fence. The material of both the pergola and the fence would have reflected the energy of the rifle report back from these structures.

The critical thing is that both the pergola and the fence would have reflected the acoustic report in the direction of the President’s motorcade. The line bisecting the pergola’s parabola and the line perpendicular to the fence are in the direction of the car the President was in at the point in time he was shot.

kennedy 3

Photo of Kennedy below the Grassy Knoll

People are only human. We have eyes in front of our head and ears on the side. We take in photonic and acoustic information daily and process them with our big brains, so we think. As such, we rely upon our perception of light and sound and trust what we see and hear. But the people in the Dealey Plaza on the grassy knoll had a problem they were not able to resolve.

As they saw their President being shot to death, they heard sound coming from behind them. Putting the pieces of perception together, approximately 40 people said they concluded that there was a gunman behind them. This perception is perfectly understandable when the reflected acoustic energy did come from the top of the grassy knoll. However, putting the pieces together, we may know that this reflected energy did not originate at the top of the grassy knoll but was merely a reflection of that energy.

Above the Grassy Knoll in the pergola that is shaped in the geometric form of a parabola, the acoustic energy from Oswald’s rifle report, originating from the sixth floor of the Texas Schoolbook Depository, entered into the grassy knoll and was reflected through the parabola’s geometric focus. The alignment of the reflected acoustic energy through this focus, oddly, is in the precise direction of the Kennedy motorcar the day he was assassinated. This missing piece of information can account for the false perception that people had that day of a gunman at the top of the Grassy Knoll. The supposed gunman may have been nothing more than an acoustic echo!